When creating a wire harness, there are specific considerations to keep in mind regarding the type of wire. To ensure appropriate wire selection, it’s important to factor in how much movement there will be, amperage and load applications, the necessary gauge of the wire, material needs, and budgetary constraints. Understanding these requirements will help to make an informed decision when comparing strand vs. solid wire.

The above factors should be considered from two angles to get a broad view of the application and the characteristics it will need from a wire harness:

  • Will the wire be exposed to extreme temperatures, irritants or corrosive metals, or vibrations and movement?
  • What wire lengths, coverings, splice locations, connectors, and other physical elements will the harness require?

Once you have the answers to these questions, you’ll be better prepared to select a wire that is best suited to your unique use case.

What is Stranded Wire?

Stranded wire is versatile and flexible, but also more delicate than solid wire. The bundle is crafted from thinner wires that have been braided together. In projects where regular bending and twisting are required to connect electrical components, stranded wire makes an excellent choice. It is primarily used for short-run connections.

What is Solid Wire?

Solid wire is a single, thicker wire.  Solid wire is much heavier and is made to tolerate more extreme weather and environmental conditions. It is rugged, low cost, and corrosion-resistant. Solid wire only accommodates minimal movement, so it is best for stationary wiring.

stranded vs solid wireKey Differences Between Stranded and Solid Wire

When comparing stranded wire vs. solid wire, the two are clearly quite different in both construction and application. Selecting the appropriate choice depends on your needs for flexibility, resistance to weather, and probability of splitting or severing wires.

Solid wire is ideal for outdoor projects where it may be subjected to various weather conditions. Since it is heavier and better over longer runs, it works best in applications such as building infrastructure and heavy duty controls.

Conversely, stranded wire is best for indoor projects or projects that require the wire to bend significantly and/or frequently. Due to its structure, it is flexible, malleable, and will not split or sever. It is best suited for shorter runs, so it is common in applications such as circuit boards, speaker wires, electronic devices, or other electronic connections.

One type of wire isn’t superior to the other, they just suit differing needs. Carefully considering all of the details of your project is important to determining the best wire solution for the job.

Custom Wire and Cable Assemblies From Precision Manufacturing Company, Inc.

Here ate Precision Manufacturing Company, Inc., we offer custom wire harness and cable assembly services. We help you determine the best wire solution for your project and fabricate it using our advanced technology and skilled team of assemblers.

Please contact us or request a quote for more information about our wire and cable harness capabilities.

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